Indian District Database

Reference using Indian district data:

Dreze, Jean and R. Khera. 2000. "Crime, gender, and society in India: Insights from homicide data." Population and Development Review 26(June): 335-53.

This study presents an analysis of inter-district variations in murder rates in India in 1981. Three significant patterns emerge. First, murder rates in India bear no significant relation with urbanization or poverty. Second, there is a negative association between literacy and criminal violence. Third, murder rates in India are highly correlated with the female-male ratio in the population: districts with higher female-male ratios have lower murder rates. Alternative hypotheses about the causal relationships underlying this connection between sex ratios and murder rates are scrutinized. One plausible explanation is that low female-male ratios and high murder rates are joint symptoms of a patriarchal environment. This study also suggests that gender relations, in general, have a crucial bearing on criminal violence.

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Last updated April 23, 2001
comments to: Reeve Vanneman.