University of Maryland

"The Effects of Occupational Segregation across Race."

Cotter, David A., Joan M. Hermsen, and Reeve Vanneman. (2003) "The Effects of Occupational Segregation across Race." Sociological Quarterly 44 (January): 17-36.


The general relationship between occupational gender segregation and earnings inequality is well documented, although few studies have examined the relationship separately by race/ethnicity. This article investigates occupational gender segregation effects across whites, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians. In addition, we explore two ways in which segregation may affect earnings: (1) by lowering the earnings of workers in female-dominated occupations and (2) by lowering the earnings of all workers in highly segregated labor markets. Our central findings are that both segregation effects contribute to earnings inequality and that the effects are observed quite broadly across racial/ethnic groups, although they particularly impact the earnings of African American women.

Last updated April 1, 2004
comments to: Reeve Vanneman.