Women's Work and Working Women:
The Demand for Female Labor
Cotter, David A., Joan M. Hermsen, and Reeve Vanneman.
"Women's Work and Working Women:
The Demand for Female Labor"
Gender & Society 15 (June): 429-452.
The demand for female labor is a central explanatory component of
macrostructural theories of gender stratification.
This study analyzes how the structural demand for female labor
affects gender differences in labor force participation.
The Authors develop a measure of the gendered demand for labor
by indexing the degree to which the occupational structure is skewed
toward usually male or female occupations.
Using census data from 1910 through 1990 and National Longitudinal
Sample of Youth (NLSY) data from 261 contemporary U.S. labor
markets, the authors show that the gender difference in labor force
participation covaries across time and space with this measure of
the demand for female labor.
Last updated April 1, 2004